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What is Intumescent Cataract?

Intumescent cataract definition and meaning states that it is the older stage of cataract that progresses when the lens becomes swollen from the effect of degenerated lens protein, and this may lead to secondary angle closure (acute) glaucoma and maybe vision impairment.

An intumescent cataract is the type of cataract that leads to a swollen or congested lens. The term intumescent is often used to refer to substances that swell due to the contact to heat or flames. In the case of the intumescence lens, it refers to swelling or hydration associated with increased intralenticular pressure to the lens that causes the cataract.

Symptoms of Intumescent Cataract

  • Blurred and dimmed vision

  • Continued clouding of the lens

  • Irritation or discomfort

  • Frequent strain in vision


Causes of Intumescent Cataract

  • Infrared lights

  • Electric sparks

  • Long Radiation

  • Eye Rupture

  • Long exposure to ultraviolet rays

  • Heat waves hitting the eye

Risk Factors associated with Intumescent Cataract

  • Smoking 

  • Drinking too much alcohol 

  • Spending too much time in the sun without sunglasses  

  • Any other eye conditions 

  • Taking steroids for an extended time 

  • Radiation treatment for cancer or other diseases 

  • Having heat waves hit your eye

  • Long exposure to electric sparks and ultra-violet rays


Prevention of Intumescent Cataract

Intumescent Cataract is mainly caused due to the swelling and hydration of the lens. Apply a cold press for immediate relief, gently tap or massage the area to improve blood flow. Stay away from heat and other radiations that cause irritability to the eye. Use protective eyewear, including glasses and eye shields when out in son to avoid direct contact of the rays and heat.

Diagnosis of Intumescent Cataract:

  • Image Test

  • Lens Decompression technique

  • Angle-Recession Glaucoma

  • Choroidal Damage

  • Corneoscleral Laceration

  • Ectopia Lentis

Intumescent Cataract treatment: 

One among the effective treatments for Intumescent cataract is surgery, i.e. removal of the lens often called as lens extraction or cataract removal. The procedure of treatment was formerly intracapsular extraction, with total removal of the lens that is within its capsule. The inner portion of the lens that was damaged/ruptured that caused the blurred vision can be removed by emulsification and aspiration. More recently the removed cataract has been carefully replaced with a plastic intraocular lens. In this method the inner parts of the lens are all that is removed; the capsule is retained and the intraocular lens is placed inside it.


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