Cataract is the most widely known eye disease in which the natural crystalline lens inside the eye gets cloudy. This blocks the visual pathway that makes you lose your vision. Motiyabindoo mostly occurs in elderly patients; however, it can happen to children as well. If left untreated, it can lead to blindness.
Luckily, this blindness causing eye disease is reversible. When hazy vision interferes with routine activities of your life, it is time to consult an eye specialist and undergo Motiyabindu operation. Further, it is essential to understand that delaying cataract surgery makes the patient prone to other complications in the eye like high eye pressure, optic disc damage, glaucoma, etc.
At the right stage your eye doctor will advise and perform Cataract surgery. The entire process and the cataract surgery take less than 20-30 minutes. This means no need of night stay at the hospital.
Cataract surgery is a quick (outpatient) procedure, which means that you can go home the same day within an hour. The entire procedure from in to out of the hospital usually takes about two-three hours.
The recovery time for vision improvement is generally a few hours after cataract operation. However, patient is expected to observe some precaution for a few weeks. This is to avoid developing any side effects or complications after the surgery.
Although, Cataract surgery is safe with high success rate, it is very much like any other surgery. Hence, it carries its own share of side effects and complications.
During the surgery, if the posterior lens capsule breaks and some parts of cloudy lens enters the vitreous body, which is behind the lens. Thus, there might be a need for another surgery. This will require longer time to complete the operation and might increase the usual recovery period.
Sometimes, there might be bleeding inside the eye during the cataract operation.
Patients, who are comfortable with the idea of wearing spectacles after their cataract operation, can choose monofocal lens. These types of artificial lenses have one focal point as the name suggests i.e. near vision, distant or intermediate vision. However, now with all the latest advancements it is possible to have minimum dependence on glasses after the cataract surgery. Multifocal or trifocal lenses can go a long way in reducing the dependence on the glasses. It is a good idea to discuss the options of these advanced IOL’s with your cataract surgeon and explore your suitability for them.
There are some times when you have minor eye power after cataract surgery; you may need to wear eyeglasses.
A very tiny incision is made on the edge of the cornea and a thin probe is inserted inside the eye. Ultrasound waves are passed through this probe. These waves break up your cataract. The fragments are then suctioned out. Capsule of your lens is left behind to make a provision for the artificial lens placement.
In this procedure, a slightly larger cut is made. Surgical tools are inserted through the cut to remove the nucleus of your lens and then remaining cortical matter of the lens is then aspirated. Capsule of the lens is left behind for the artificial lens to fit. This technique may need stitches.
After the cataract has been removed, an artificial lens called IOL or intraocular lens is implanted. This lens may be made of silicone, plastic or acrylic. Some IOLs are able to block out UV light and there are others that provide both near and distant vision correction called as Multifocal or Trifocal lens.
There is a femtosecond laser technology available to assist in cataract surgery. With the help of the laser tiny cut is made and the front capsule of the lens is removed. However, with femto laser technology, we still cannot perform the full cataract surgery. It can only help in some initial parts of the surgery and after that we need to use the phacoemulsification machine to remove the actual cloudy lens.
Your eye specialist will numb your eyes using a local anesthetic drops. This makes your eyes numb so that you don’t feel the pain during the procedure.
In this surgery, the cloudy lens is removed and is replaced with a new intraocular lens (IOLs) in the same capsule of the lens.
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