In recent years, LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) eye surgery has emerged as a popular and effective method for correcting refractive errors, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. The procedure involves using a laser to reshape the cornea, allowing individuals to reduce or eliminate their dependence on glasses or contact lenses. As the demand for clearer vision grows, many are curious about the safety and affordability of LASIK eye surgery in India.

Safety of LASIK Eye Surgery in India

India has made significant strides in the field of medical technology, and LASIK eye surgery is no exception. The procedure is considered safe and has a high success rate when performed by skilled and experienced ophthalmic surgeons. Indian hospitals and eye care centres adhere to stringent standards and protocols, ensuring patient safety throughout the LASIK eye surgery process.

Before the surgery, a comprehensive eye examination is conducted to determine the patient’s eligibility for LASIK. Factors such as corneal thickness, overall eye health, and the presence of any pre-existing conditions are carefully evaluated. Patients with stable prescriptions and good eye health are generally considered suitable candidates for LASIK.

The LASIK Eye Surgery Procedure

LASIK eye surgery is a precise and relatively quick outpatient procedure. The surgery involves the following steps

  • Preoperative Evaluation 

Before the surgery, the patient undergoes a thorough eye examination to assess their eye health and determine the most suitable treatment plan.

  • Corneal Flap Creation

A thin flap is created on the cornea using a microkeratome or femtosecond laser. This flap is lifted to expose the underlying corneal tissue.

  • Laser Reshaping

An excimer laser is used to precisely remove a specific amount of corneal tissue, reshaping the curvature to correct refractive errors.

  • Flap Repositioning

The corneal flap is carefully repositioned, acting as a natural bandage. The absence of sutures allows for quicker healing.

  • Postoperative Care

Patients are provided with postoperative instructions and medication to facilitate healing. Follow-up appointments are scheduled to monitor progress and address any concerns.

LASIK Eye Surgery Cost in India

One of the factors that make LASIK eye surgery appealing to many is its affordability, especially in countries like India. The cost of LASIK in India is generally lower compared to Western countries, making it an attractive option for individuals seeking quality eye care without breaking the bank.

The cost of LASIK in India can vary based on several factors, including the surgeon’s experience, the technology used, and the location of the eye care centre. 

Types of LASIK Surgery

Here are some of the common types of LASIK procedures:

  • Traditional LASIK

Traditional LASIK is the standard and most commonly performed form of the procedure. It involves the use of a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser to create a corneal flap. The excimer laser then reshapes the cornea to correct refractive errors. This procedure is suitable for a wide range of vision prescriptions.

  • Bladeless LASIK

Also known as all-laser LASIK, this procedure uses a femtosecond laser to create the corneal flap instead of a microkeratome blade. Bladeless LASIK is considered to be a more precise and potentially safer method for creating the corneal flap, reducing the risk of complications associated with the use of a blade.

  • Wavefront-guided LASIK

Wavefront technology creates a detailed three-dimensional map of the eye, identifying subtle imperfections in the optical system called higher-order aberrations. Wavefront-guided LASIK uses this map to guide the laser in customising the treatment to address these unique imperfections, potentially improving visual outcomes, particularly in low-light conditions.

  • Topography-guided LASIK

Similar to wavefront-guided LASIK, topography-guided LASIK uses corneal topography data to create a detailed map of the cornea’s surface. This allows for a more personalised treatment plan, addressing irregularities in corneal shape and improving visual outcomes.

  • PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy)

While not technically LASIK, PRK is a related laser eye surgery. In PRK, the cornea’s surface is treated directly with the excimer laser without creating a corneal flap. PRK is often considered for individuals with thinner corneas or those who may not be suitable candidates for traditional LASIK.

  • LASEK (Laser Epithelial Keratomileusis)

LASEK is a procedure that combines elements of both LASIK and PRK. Like PRK, it involves the treatment of the cornea’s surface, but a thinner epithelial flap is created and repositioned after laser treatment. LASEK may be considered for individuals with thinner corneas or those at higher risk for flap complications.

  • SMILE (Small Incision Lenticule Extraction)

ReLEx SMILE is a minimally invasive form of laser eye surgery that involves the use of a femtosecond laser to create a lenticule within the cornea, which is then removed through a small incision. This technique is often used for the correction of myopia.

Here are some common questions answered by an ophthalmologist:

The choice of LASIK procedure depends on various factors, including the patient’s specific vision prescription, corneal thickness, and individual eye characteristics. An experienced eye care professional can determine the most suitable type of LASIK for each individual after a thorough eye examination and consultation.

LASIK eye surgery in India combines safety and affordability, offering individuals an opportunity to achieve clearer vision with minimal inconvenience. As with any medical procedure, it is crucial to choose a reputable eye care centre and an experienced ophthalmic surgeon to ensure the best possible outcomes. For those considering LASIK, India stands as a promising destination, where advanced medical technology and cost-effectiveness converge to pave the way for a brighter, clearer future.