Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness among people aged 50 and above. It is a chronic, progressive eye disease affecting central vision or the macula. AMD eye can occur in one or both eyes and may progress gradually, leading to blurred or distorted vision or even vision loss in severe cases. Throughout this article, we will provide you with a detailed understanding of age related macular degeneration, its types, stages, and symptoms, the treatment available for AMD disease, and how you can get top-notch treatment at Dr. Agarwals Eye Hospitals.


Types, Stages, and Symptoms

There are two types of age related macular degeneration: dry and wet. Dry age related macular degeneration is the more common form, accounting for about 85-90% of all cases. It occurs when the macula thins and breaks down, forming small, yellowish deposits called drusen. Wet macular degeneration, on the other hand, is less common but more severe. This happens when abnormal blood vessels grow underneath the macula and leak blood or fluid, causing the macula to lift from its normal position and leading to vision loss.

Age related macular degeneration typically progresses through three stages: early, intermediate, and late. There are no noticeable symptoms or vision loss in the early stage, and the disease may only be detected through a comprehensive eye exam. In the intermediate stage, there may be mild vision loss or blurred vision, and the presence of drusen or pigment changes in the retina may be detected. In the late stage, there may be significant vision loss, distortion or blind spots in the central vision, and in some cases, complete blindness.


Is Treatment Available for AMD?

Currently, there is no cure for age related macular degeneration. However, several treatment options can slow down the progression of the disease, prevent further vision loss, and even improve vision in some cases. These treatment options include:

  1. Anti-VEGF injections:

    These are medications that are injected directly into the eye to stop the growth of abnormal blood vessels and reduce leakage.

  1. Photodynamic therapy:

    This involves injecting a light-sensitive drug into the bloodstream, which is then activated by shining a laser light into the eye to destroy abnormal blood vessels.

  1. Laser therapy:

    This involves using a high-energy laser to destroy abnormal blood vessels or seal-leaking ones.

  1. Vitamin supplements:

    Taking specific vitamins and minerals in the proper doses can help slow down the progression of AMD disease and reduce the risk of severe vision loss.


Get Top-notch Treatment at Dr. Agarwals Eye Hospitals

Dr. Agarwals Eye Hospitals is a renowned eye hospital that offers top-notch treatment for age related macular degeneration. They possess a team of highly skilled and experienced ophthalmologists specializing in diagnosing and treating various eye diseases, including AMD eye.

Dr. Agarwals Eye Hospitals offers the latest treatment options, including anti-VEGF injections, photodynamic therapy, laser therapy, and vitamin supplements, to help slow down the progression of the disease and improve vision in patients with AMD. They also provide comprehensive eye exams, regular check-ups, and customized treatment plans to meet each patient’s unique needs.